Tractable molecular theory of transport of Lennard-Jones fluids in nanopores

Bhatia, Suresh K. ; Jepps, Owen ; Nicholson, David (2004) Tractable molecular theory of transport of Lennard-Jones fluids in nanopores Journal of Chemical Physics, 120 (9). pp. 4472-4485. ISSN 1674-0068

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


We present here a tractable theory of transport of simple fluids in cylindrical nanopores, which is applicable over a wide range of densities and pore sizes. In the Henry law low-density region the theory considers the trajectories of molecules oscillating between diffuse wall collisions, while at higher densities beyond this region the contribution from viscous flow becomes significant and is included through our recent approach utilizing a local average density model. The model is validated by means of equilibrium as well nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of supercritical methane transport in cylindrical silica pores over a wide range of temperature, density, and pore size. The model for the Henry law region is exact and found to yield an excellent match with simulations at all conditions, including the single-file region of very small pore size where it is shown to provide the density-independent collective transport coefficient. It is also shown that in the absence of dispersive interactions the model reduces to the classical Knudsen result, but in the presence of such interactions the latter model drastically overpredicts the transport coefficient. For larger micropores beyond the single-file region the transport coefficient is reduced at high density because of intermolecular interactions and hindrance to particle crossings leading to a large decrease in surface slip that is not well represented by the model. However, for mesopores the transport coefficient increases monotonically with density, over the range studied, and is very well predicted by the theory, though at very high density the contribution from surface slip is slightly overpredicted. It is also seen that the concept of activated diffusion, commonly associated with diffusion in small pores, is fundamentally invalid for smooth pores, and the apparent activation energy is not simply related to the minimum pore potential or the adsorption energy as generally assumed.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords:Molecular Dynamics Method; Nanoporous Materials; Lennard-jones Potential; Knudsen Flow; Viscosity; Intermolecular Mechanics; Adsorption; Density; Porosity; Diffusion; Organic Compounds; Silicon Compounds
ID Code:2797
Deposited On:08 Oct 2010 11:55
Last Modified:17 May 2011 06:20

Repository Staff Only: item control page