The prognostic significance of ploidy analysis in operable breast cancer

Sharma, Sanjai ; Mishra, M. C. ; Kapur, B. M. L. ; Verma, Kusum ; Indira Nath, (1991) The prognostic significance of ploidy analysis in operable breast cancer Cancer, 68 (12). pp. 2612-2616. ISSN 0008-543X

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The nuclear DNA content of 98 operable breast cancers was determined by flow cytometric analysis using paraffin-embedded tissue. All patients were on follow-up and failure of treatment or recurrences were identified. DNA ploidy data in the form of ploidy status and DNA index (DI) has been correlated with various clinical and histopathologic factors. The only significant correlation using univariate analysis exists between the histologic grade and DI (P < 0.025), recurrence of the disease and ploidy status (P < 0.005), and recurrence of the disease and DI (P < 0.005). The absence of correlation of ploidy status with other tumor derived factors indicates the independent nature of ploidy as a prognostic factor. Multivariate analysis showed that in the whole-group ploidy (P < 0.01), tumor margin (P < 0.01), and menopausal status (P < 0.01) were significant factors in the order mentioned. DI with a cut of at 1.29 is not found to be a significant factor in the multivariate analysis. The maximum prognostic value of ploidy status was observed in the postmenopausal group (P < 0.0005). In the node-negative group ploidy status (P < 0.05) is the only independent significant factor predicting for early relapse. It is concluded that ploidy status is an independent prognostic factor predicting for recurrence of the disease. In the node-negative subgroup this could be used to identify the subset of patients who may benefit from adjuvant treatment.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
ID Code:27644
Deposited On:10 Dec 2010 12:06
Last Modified:17 May 2016 10:51

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