Crystalline structure transformation of carbon anodes during gasification

Tran, Kien N. ; Berkovich, Adam J. ; Tomsett, Alan ; Bhatia, Suresh K. (2008) Crystalline structure transformation of carbon anodes during gasification Energy & Fuels, 22 (3). pp. 1902-1910. ISSN 0887-0624

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The crystalline structure transformation of five carbon anodes during gasification in air and carbon dioxide was studied using quantitative X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). XRD analysis and HRTEM observations confirmed that anodes have a highly ordered graphitic structure. The examination of partially gasified samples indicated that crystalline structure transformation occurred in two stages during gasification. The first stage involved the consumption of disorganized carbon matter in the initial 15% conversion. Oxygen was found to be more reactive toward disorganized carbon at this stage of the gasification process compared to carbon dioxide. Following this stage, as more carbon was consumed, especially with the removal of smaller crystallites, it was found that the crystalline structure became more ordered with increasing conversion levels. This is due to the merging of neighboring crystallites, required to maintain the minimum energy configuration. In addition, the interaction between the pitch and the coke components was found to be strongly linked to the initial coke structure. "Stress graphitization" occurred at the pitch-coke interface, which helps to enhance the structural development of the anodes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:2707
Deposited On:08 Oct 2010 09:34
Last Modified:17 May 2011 05:39

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