Enhancing peptide antigenicity by helix stabilization

Gurunath, Ramanathan ; Beena, T. K. ; Adiga, P. R. ; Balaram, P. (1995) Enhancing peptide antigenicity by helix stabilization FEBS Letters, 361 (2-3). pp. 176-178. ISSN 0014-5793

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/001457...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(95)00166-7


The engineering of antigenic determinants on super secondary structures using de novo design approaches often involves synthesis of long peptide chains (35-80 residues long). This communication illustrates that the stabilization of secondary structure by rational design can also greatly enhance immunogenicity and antigenicity, but in much shorter peptide sequences (21 residues long). A peptide epitope the sequence of which has been derived from the C-terminus of the chicken riboflavin carrier protein (cRCP), H2N-Tyr-His-Ala-Cys-Gln-Lys-Lys-Leu-Leu- Lys-Phe-Glu-Ala-Leu-Gln-Gln-Glu-Glu-Gly-Gly-Glu-Glu-OH, has been chosen for analysis. Helical conformations were induced in the peptide in aqueous trifluoroethanol. Analogs were designed to stabilize this conformation in water by either the introduction of appropriately spaced ion pairs or the strongly helix nucleating residue α-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib), substituted for Ala/Gly, thus affording a comparison of the helix stabilization strategies. Circular dichroism (CD) results demonstrate that all the designed analogs are appreciably more helical than the parent peptide in 50% aqueous trifluoroethanol. Peptide antisera were raised for all analogs in rabbits. The affinities of these antisera for the native protein antigen, determined using a chaotrope disrupted binding assay, correlated very well with the helix content determined by CD.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Keywords:Peptide Antigenicity; Helix Stabilization; De novo Design; Riboflavin Carrier Protein; Circular Dichroism; Peptide Conformation
ID Code:26742
Deposited On:08 Dec 2010 13:18
Last Modified:17 May 2016 10:02

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