Heat shock response and heat shock protein antigens of Vibrio cholerae

Sahu, G. K. ; Chowdhury, R. ; Das, J. (1994) Heat shock response and heat shock protein antigens of Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity, 62 (12). pp. 5624-5631. ISSN 0019-9567

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Official URL: http://iai.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/62/12/5624


Sixteen heat shock proteins (Hsps) have been identified in the hypertoxinogenic strain 569B of Vibrio cholerae which are synthesized in response to small and large elevations of temperature. The induction of the Hsps is necessary for the cells to survive the deleterious effects of heat. There is no difference in the pattern of induction of the Hsps in V. cholerae strains varying in levels of toxinogenicity. One of the major low-molecular-mass Hsps, a 16-kDa protein, is preferentially degraded following shift down of temperature. This protein is induced at a much lower level at high temperatures in cells maintained in the laboratory for a prolonged period. The only Hsp located in the outer membrane of V. cholerae cells is a 23-kDa protein. Western immunoblot analysis with human immune sera collected from convalescent cholera patients revealed that this protein is markedly immunogenic. The human immune serum also reacted with the 69- and 16-kDa major Hsps and the 88-, 66-, and 46-kDa Hsps but not with the 61-kDa major Hsp identified as the groEL gene product. All major Hsps reacted with rabbit anti-V. cholerae sera. Ethanol stress leads to the induction of four of the major Hsps and three additional proteins.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
ID Code:26570
Deposited On:08 Dec 2010 13:33
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