Colchicine binding to tubulin monomers: a mechanistic study

Banerjee, Suroopa ; Chakrabarti, Gopal ; Bhattacharyya, Bhabatarak (1997) Colchicine binding to tubulin monomers: a mechanistic study Biochemistry, 36 (18). pp. 5600-5606. ISSN 0006-2960

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The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for colchicine-tubulin and deacetamidocolchicine-tubulin interaction, under the condition where tubulin is predominantly in its dissociated state (~80% monomer), have been determined. We observe that the kinetic parameters exihibit marked change when colchicine interacts with the monomeric form of tubulin rather than with the dimeric form of tubulin. The reaction of colchicine with tubulin monomers is characterized by an enhanced association rate which is a consequence of the lowering of activation energy. Colchicine-tubulin interaction, which is only poorly reversible, becomes partially reversible under this condition. Differences were also noticed in the thermodynamic parameters: the reaction of colchicine with tubulin monomers is enthalpy driven with small positive entropy, while with tubulin dimers a large positive entropy change was reported. However, no such changes in the binding parameters were observed for the reaction involving deacetamidocolchicine (a colchicine analog devoid of a side chain at the C-7 position of B-ring) with tubulin monomers. We therefore conclude that a single subunit of tubulin is capable of binding colchicine and that the unusual properties of colchicine-tubulin interactions such as the slow association rate, high activation energy, and the poor reversibility are due to the possible contact(s) of the C-7 substituent (in the B-ring) of colchicine with the other subunit of tubulin.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:26163
Deposited On:06 Dec 2010 12:59
Last Modified:21 Jan 2011 06:27

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