Podophyllotoxin as a probe for the colchicine binding site of tubulin

Cortese, F. ; Bhattacharyya, B. ; Wolff, J. (1977) Podophyllotoxin as a probe for the colchicine binding site of tubulin Journal of Biological Chemistry, 252 (4). pp. 1134-1140. ISSN 0021-9258

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Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/content/252/4/1134.abstract?sid...


The binding of [3H]podophyllotoxin to tubulin, measured by a DEAE-cellulose filter paper method, occurs with an affinity constant of 1.8 x 106 M-1 (37° at pH 6.7). Like colchicine, ~0.8 mol of podophyllotixin are bound per mol of tubulin dimer, and the reaction is entropy-driven (43 cal deg-1 mol-1). At 37° the association rate constant for podophyllotoxin binding is 3.8 x 106 M-1 h-1, ~10 times higher than for colchicine; this is reflected in the activation energies for binding which are 14.7 kcal/mol for podophyllotoxin and 20.3 kcal/mol for colchicine. The dissociation rate constant for the tubulin-podophyllotoxin complex is 1.9 h-1, and the affinity constant calculated from the ratio of the rates is close to that obtained by equilibrium measurements. Podophyllotxin and colchicine are mutually competitive inhibitors. This can be ascribed to the fact that both compounds have a trimethoxyphenyl ring and analogues of either compound with bulky substituents in their trimethoxyphenyl moiety are unable to inhibit the the binding of either of the two ligands. Tropolone, which inhibits colchicine binding competitively, has no effect on the podophyllotoxin/tubulin reaction. Conversely, podophyllotoxin does not influence tropolone binding. Moreover, the tropolone binding site of tubulin does not show the temperature and pH lability of the colchicine and podophyllotoxin domains, hence this lability can be ascribed to the trimethoxyphenyl binding region of tubulin. Since podophyllotoxin analogues with a modified B ring do not bind, it is concluded that both podophyllotoxin and colchicine each have at least two points of attachment to tubulin and that they share one of them, the binding region of the trimethoxyphenyl moiety.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
ID Code:26157
Deposited On:06 Dec 2010 13:00
Last Modified:17 May 2016 09:30

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