Influence of chelating agents on the uptake of 239Pu and 241Am by plants

Vyas, B. N. ; Mistry, K. B. (1983) Influence of chelating agents on the uptake of 239Pu and 241Am by plants Plant and Soil, 73 (3). pp. 345-353. ISSN 0032-079X

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The uptake of 239Pu and 241Am from two contrasting soil types, namely, a laterite (Oxisol) and a medium black (Vertisol-Pellustert) and also from nutrient solution as influenced by pre-chelation with synthetic chelating agents, DTPA and EDTA was studied. Results from soil-plant studies indicated a significant increase in uptake of 239Pu and 241Am by plants from both soil types when added as 239Pu-DTPA,239Pu-EDTA,241Am-DTPA or 241Am-EDTA as compared to the treatments where transuranics were added in ionic (nitrate) forms. Concentration ratios (CRs) for Pu and Am in plant shoots increased by factors ranging from 3 to 700 depending on the soil type and the complexing ligand. Nutrient solution studies also revealed a marked enhancement in uptake as well as translocation of Pu and Am in plants due to supply of chelated transuranics. The shoots CRs in the case of Pu(NO3)4, Pu-EDTA, and Pu-DTPA were 0.11±0.02, 2.94±0.35 and 4.35±0.41, respectively. The observed values of Am CRs in shoots in the case of Am(NO3)3, Am-EDTA and Am-DTPA were 1.55±0.18, 1.86±0.25 and 2.85±0.40, respectively. An increase in the values of Transport index by 6 to 50-folds was observed in the case of Am and Pu, respectively, when added as chelates of DTPA in comparison to the nitrate form of the radionuclides. EDTA complexes of the transuranics were observed to be less effective than corresponding DTPA complexes in enhancing the uptake of Pu and Am by plants.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:Americium; Concentration Ratio; DTPA; EDTA; Oxisol; Phaseolus Vulgaris L.; Plutonium; Vertisol
ID Code:24816
Deposited On:30 Nov 2010 09:10
Last Modified:17 May 2016 08:25

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