Morphology of the fertile leaves of the lomariopsidaceae, with special reference to the venation

Nayar, B. K. (1966) Morphology of the fertile leaves of the lomariopsidaceae, with special reference to the venation New Phytologist, 65 (2). pp. 221-239. ISSN 0028-646X

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL:

Related URL:


Fertile pinnae of thirty-one species of the eight genera of Lomariopsidaceae studied have the lamina variously reduced, in some cases to narrow wings on either side of the midrib. The lamina is either broad, thin, and with the venation conspicuous on the surface, or narrow, fleshy, and with hidden venation. The mesophyll is undifferentiated and consists of thin-walled parenchyma which possesses collapsible walls in some species. Intercellular air spaces are inconspicuous in most species. The epidermal cells are usually thin-walled, chlorophyllous and dorsiventrally flattened. The midrib has two or three vascular strands which unite into one in the anterior half of the lamina. Distinct sclerenchyma tissue is absent: a few layers of thick-walled hypodermal cells occur in the midrib region in some. Venation of the fertile pinna is almost similar to that of the sterile pinnae in Bolbitis and Lomagramma (both reticulate), and in Egenolfia, Elaphoglossum and Thysanosoria (all free-veined). The fertile pinnae of Arthrobotrya, Lomariopsis and Teratophyllum usually possess a reticulate venation, though the sterile pinnae are free-veined. A set of special veins supplying the sporangia is found in addition to the 'normal' venation in many species except Elaphoglossum and Thysanosoria. The special venation is variously developed in the different species of each genus; it consists of a set of veins close to the lower epidermis of the lamina and connected to the 'normal' veins at intervals: in some cases the special veins form extensive reticulations independent of the 'normal' venation. The two sets of veins are at different planes, one above the other. The special venation is not connected directly to the midrib and often has a longitudinal vein running parallel to the midrib on either side. In all genera, except Thysanosoria which has discrete sori restricted to the vein tips, sporangia are acrostichoid in distribution. They are of the common leptosporangiate type. The sporangial stalk is slender and long in all, except Lomagramma and Lomariopsis in which it is short and stout. The stalk is three cells thick, the third row developed secondarily as a protrusion of the basal wall cell of the capsule in continuation of the stomium. Distinct paraphyses are absent, except in Arthrobotrya, Lomagramma and Teratophyllum. The spores are bilateral, monolete and ranging in size from 22 × 33 μ(Bolbitis spp., Elaphoglossum spp.) to 90 × 125 μ(Lomariopsis intermedia). The exine is smooth except in Lomagramma, Thysanosoria (both granulose) and Lomariopsis spp. (spinulose). Lomagramma and Thysanosoria are perine-less; all others are perinate, with the perine bearing characteristic reticulate ornamentation in all except Bolbitis and Elaphoglossum.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to New Phytologist Trust.
ID Code:24610
Deposited On:29 Nov 2010 09:08
Last Modified:17 May 2016 08:16

Repository Staff Only: item control page