Laboratory studies on ball wear in the grinding of a hematite-magnetite ore

Gundewar, C. S. ; Natarajan, K. A. ; Nayak, U. B. ; Satyanarayana, K. (1990) Laboratory studies on ball wear in the grinding of a hematite-magnetite ore International Journal of Mineral Processing, 29 (1-2). pp. 121-139. ISSN 0301-7516

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Marked-ball grinding tests were carried out under different grinding conditions and environments. Three types of balls were used, namely, cast hyper steel, high chrome cast iron and EN-31 (forged), which cover a wide range of chemical composition, microstructure and media hardness. The effect of pulp density on ball wear and grinding efficiency was also studied. Relative pulp viscosities at different percent solids for the ore slurry were also determined. As the Kudremukh ore contained about 0.2% pyrite, the effect of addition of pyrite on ball wear was studied separately. Results of marked-ball grinding tests indicated that ball wear increased with time and showed a sharp increase for wet grinding over dry grinding. Ball wear under wet grinding conditions was also influenced by the gaseous atmosphere in the mill. At 70% solids, the best results in terms of reduced ball wear coupled with satisfactory grinding efficiency were obtained. The influence of oxygen on the corrosive wear of grinding balls was increasingly felt only if sulphide minerals such as pyrite were also present in the ore. The various ball materials could be arranged in the following order with respect to their overall wear resistance: high chrome cast iron > EN-31 (forged) > cast hyper steel. Possible ball wear mechanisms involved in the grinding of Kudremukh ore are discussed.

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Deposited On:29 Nov 2010 08:55
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