Conformations of peptides corresponding to fatty acylation sites in proteins a circular dichroism study

Joseph, Mercy ; Nagaraj, Ramakrishnan (1995) Conformations of peptides corresponding to fatty acylation sites in proteins a circular dichroism study Journal of Biological Chemistry, 270 (33). pp. 19439-19445. ISSN 0021-9258

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Fatty acid acylation is a posttranslational modification found in membrane proteins that have hydrophobic sequences serving as transmembrane segments as well as those that do not have them. The fatty acids myristate and palmitate are linked through an amide bond to N-terminal glycine and SH of cysteine via a thioester bond, respectively. In order to elucidate whether or how fatty acid acylation would modulate peptide structure, especially in hydrophobic environment, we have carried out circular dichroism studies on synthetic peptides both hydrophobic and hydrophilic in nature, corresponding to fatty acylation sites and their fatty acyl derivatives. The hydrophilic peptides were ~12 residues in length as studies on proteins modified by site-directed mutagenesis indicated that a peptide segment of ~12 residues is sufficient to direct acylation as well as membrane association, especially when the fatty acid is myristic acid. The peptide corresponding to a transmembrane segment composed of 31 residues as well as its palmitoyl derivative was found to adopt α-helical structure. Acylation appeared to favor increased partitioning into micelles even in the case of a hydrophobic peptide. The hydrophilic peptides and their myristoyl or palmitoyl derivatives showed very little ordered structure in micelles. Our results suggest that the myristoyl and the palmitoyl moieties do not have the ability to "force" a hydrophilic peptide segment into a hydrophobic micellar environment. Thus, the mere presence of a fatty acid moiety may not be sufficient for membrane binding and recycling as is assumed especially in proteins in which no hydrophobic segment is present.

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Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
ID Code:23868
Deposited On:01 Dec 2010 13:09
Last Modified:17 May 2016 07:40

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