Bhabha, H. J. (1941) General classical theory of spinning particles in a meson field Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A: Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences, 178 (974). pp. 314350. ISSN 09628444

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Official URL: http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/178...
Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1941.0057
Abstract
An exact classical theory of the motion of a point dipole in a meson field is given which takes into account the effects of the reaction of the emitted meson field. The meson field is characterized by a constant χ =μ /hslash of the dimensions of a reciprocal length, μ being the meson mass, and as χ → 0 the theory of this paper goes over continuously into the theory of the preceding paper for the motion of a spinning particle in a Maxwell field. The mass of the particle and the spin angular momentum are arbitrary mechanical constants. The field contributes a small finite addition to the mass, and a negative moment of inertia about an axis perpendicular to the spin axis. A crosssection (formula (88 a)) is given for the scattering of transversely polarized neutral mesons by the rotation of the spin of the neutron or proton which should be valid up to energies of 109 eV. For low energies E it agrees completely with the old quantum crosssection, having a dependence on energy proportional to p^{4}/E^{2} (p being the meson momentum). At higher energies it deviates completely from the quantum crosssection, which it supersedes by taking into account the effects of radiation reaction on the rotation of the spin. The crosssection is a maximum at E ~ 3\cdot 5μ , its value at this point being 3 × 10^{26} cm.^{2}, after which it decreases rapidly, becoming proportional to E^{2} at high energies. Thus the quantum theory of the interaction of neutrons with mesons goes wrong for E gtrsim 3μ . The scattering of longitudinally polarized mesons is due to the translational but not the rotational motion of the dipole and is at least twenty thousand times smaller. With the assumption previously made by the present author that the heavy partilesc may exist in states of any integral charge, and in particular that protons of charge 2e and  e may occur in nature, the above results can be applied to charged mesons. Thus transversely polarised mesons should undergo a very big scattering and consequent absorption at energies near 3\cdot 5μ . Hence the energy spectrum of transversely polarized mesons should fall off rapidly for energies below about 3μ . Scattering plays a relatively unimportant part in the absorption of longitudinally polarized mesons, and they are therefore much more penetrating. The theory does not lead to Heisenberg explosions and multiple processes.
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