Cell cycle events during the development of the silk glands in the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori

Dhawan, Sangeeta ; Gopinathan, K. P. (2003) Cell cycle events during the development of the silk glands in the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori Development Genes and Evolution, 213 (9). pp. 435-444. ISSN 0949-944X

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/2u86kx8guqv0nk...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00427-003-0343-7


Silk glands of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori are long and paired structures originating from the labial region and are anatomically and physiologically divided into three major compartments, the anterior, middle and posterior silk glands. The silk gland morphogenesis is complete by 8 days post egg laying. Extensive growth of silk glands during the larval stages is due to increase in tissue mass and not cell number. The cells in a completely formed silk gland pursue an endoreplicative cell cycle, and the genome undergoes multiple rounds of replication without mitosis or nuclear division. The expression patterns of cyclin B (mitotic cyclin) and cyclin E (G1 cyclin, essential for G1⁄S transition in both mitotic and endoreplicative cell cycles) in the course of silk gland development revealed that mitotic cell divisions take place only in the apex of the growing silk gland. However, the persistence of another mitotic focus in the middle silk gland even when the growing apex has moved well past this zone suggested the continued operation of mitosis for a while in this restricted region. The lack of cyclin B expression and abundance of cyclin E in the rest of the areas confirmed an alternation of the G1 and S phases of the cell cycle without an intervening mitotic phase. No expression of cyclin B was noticed anywhere in the silk glands after stage 25 of embryogenesis, indicating a complete switch over to the endomitotic mode of the cell cycle. The onset of expression of various genes encoding different silk proteins correlated with the onset of endomitotic events.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer Verlag.
Keywords:Cyclin; Endoreduplication; Fibrohexamerin; Sericin-2; Silk Glands
ID Code:23687
Deposited On:26 Nov 2010 08:59
Last Modified:02 Jun 2011 05:52

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