Investigations of the scaling criteria for a mild combustion burner

Kumar, Sudarshan ; Paul, P. J. ; Mukunda, H. S. (2005) Investigations of the scaling criteria for a mild combustion burner Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 30 (2). pp. 2613-2621. ISSN 1540-7489

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In this paper, a new strategy for scaling burners based on "mild combustion" is evolved and adopted to scaling a burner from 3 to a 150 kW burner at a high heat release rate of 5 MW/m3. Existing scaling methods (constant velocity, constant residence time, and Cole's procedure [Proc. Combust. Inst. 28 (2000) 1297]) are found to be inadequate for mild combustion burners. Constant velocity approach leads to reduced heat release rates at large sizes and constant residence time approach in unacceptable levels of pressure drop across the system. To achieve mild combustion at high heat release rates at all scales, a modified approach with high recirculation is adopted in the present studies. Major geometrical dimensions are scaled as D~Q1/3 with an air injection velocity of ~100 m/s (Δp ~600 mm water gauge). Using CFD support, the position of air injection holes is selected to enhance the recirculation rates. The precise role of secondary air is to increase the recirculation rates and burn up the residual CO in the downstream. Measurements of temperature and oxidizer concentrations inside 3 kW, 150 kW burner and a jet flame are used to distinguish the combustion process in these burners. The burner can be used for a wide range of fuels from LPG to producer gas as extremes. Up to 8 dB of noise level reduction is observed in comparison to the conventional combustion mode. Exhaust NO emissions below 26 and 3 ppm and temperatures 1710 and 1520 K were measured for LPG and producer gas when the burner is operated at stoichiometry.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Flameless Combustion; Mild Combustion; Burner Scaling; NOx Emissions
ID Code:23156
Deposited On:25 Nov 2010 13:26
Last Modified:17 May 2016 07:03

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