The problem of liquid droplet combustion-a reexamination

Raghunandan, B. N. ; Mukunda, H. S. (1977) The problem of liquid droplet combustion-a reexamination Combustion and Flame, 30 . pp. 71-84. ISSN 0010-2180

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The simple quasi-steady analysis of the combustion of a liquid fuel droplet in an oxidising atmosphere provides unsatisfactory explanations for several experimental observations. It's prediction of values for the burning constant (K), the flame-to-droplet diameter ratio (df/ds) and the flame temperature (Tf) have been found to be amgibuous if not completely inaccurate. A critical survey of the literature has led us to a detailed examination of the effects of unsteadiness and variable properties. The work published to date indicates that the gas-phase unsteadiness is relatively short and therefore quite insignificant. A new theoretical analysis based on heat transfer within the droplet is presented here. It shows that the condensed-phase unsteadiness lasts for about 20-25% of the total burning time. It is concluded that the discrepancies between experimental observations and the predictions of the constant-property quasi-steady analysis cannot be attributed either to gas-phase or condensed-phase unsteadiness. An analytical model of quasi-steady droplet combustion with variable thermodynamic and transport properties and non-unity Lewis numbers will be examined. Further findings reveal a significant improvement in the prediction of combustion parameters, particularly of K, when consideration is given to variations of cp and λ with the temperature and concentrations of several species. Tf is accurately predicted when the required conditions of incomplete combustion or low (O/F) at the flame are met. Further refinement through realistic Lewis numbers predicts (df/ds) meaningfully.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:23074
Deposited On:25 Nov 2010 13:36
Last Modified:17 May 2016 06:58

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