Phenol-crotonaldehyde resins. III. Curing behavior with hexamethylenetetramine

Dongre, R. N. ; Ponrathnam, S. ; Nadkarni, V. M. (1987) Phenol-crotonaldehyde resins. III. Curing behavior with hexamethylenetetramine Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A, 24 (2). pp. 125-136. ISSN 1060-1325

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Solid thermoplastic resins were prepared by acid-catalyzed condensation of phenol and crotonaldehyde (both crude and distilled). The thermal and curing properties were compared with the conventional phenol-formaldehyde (PF) novolak resins. Phenol-crotonaldehyde (PC) resins were found to be thermoplastic even after curing with the crosslinking agent hexamethylenetetramine up to 160°C. This curing behavior was observed irrespective of the purity of the crotonaldehyde or the phenol-to-crotonaldehyde mole ratio in the resin. Postcuring of these resins at elevated temperatures yielded insoluble and infusible thermoset products. This unique thermal characteristic could lead to interesting processing possibilities for the resins. The technical feasibility of thermoplastic processing of the PC resins followed by postcure heat treatment for transforming the molded part into a thermoset has been demonstrated.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Ltd.
ID Code:22609
Deposited On:24 Nov 2010 08:09
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