Estimation of the melt rheology of polymer waste from melt flow index

Shenoy, A. V. ; Saini, D. R. ; Nadkarni, V. M. (1983) Estimation of the melt rheology of polymer waste from melt flow index Polymer, 24 (6). pp. 722-728. ISSN 0032-3861

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The need for recycling of polymeric waste has been well recogmized as a result of the escalating prices of the petrochemical feedstocks and the growing awareness to curtail solid waste that causes environmental pollution. During processing, the molecular weight of the polymer is reduced due to thermal and shear degradation. Since the melt rheology of the processed material is sensitive to the changes in molecular structure, knowledge of the complete flow curve depicting the variation of melt viscosity with shear rate at processing temperatures is a useful tool for assessing the reprocessibility of waste material and for specifying the conditions of reprocessing. In the present paper, an effective method is proposed to generate the melt flow curves of polymer waste from knowledge of its melt flow index. The method makes use of a master curve that can be obtained by plotting the available viscosity data in terms of modified functions based on the melt flow index. The master curves characteristic of the particular generic resin type are presented for low-density polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Melt Flow Index; Rheograms; Recycling; Polymer Waste
ID Code:22566
Deposited On:24 Nov 2010 08:17
Last Modified:08 Jun 2011 06:41

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