Chromosomal organization of Drosophila tumours

Sinha, P. ; Mishra, Arati ; Lakhotia, S. C. (1987) Chromosomal organization of Drosophila tumours Chromosoma, 95 (2). pp. 108-116. ISSN 0009-5915

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In otu mutants of Drosophila melanogaster ovarian tumours develop because of the high mitotic activity of the mutant cystocytes; the latter are normally endopolyploid. In certain alleles of otu, however, a varying proportion of the mutant ovarian cystocytes undergo polyteny. Mutant cystocytes with polytene chromosomes are termed pseudonurse cells (PNC). Polytene chromosome morphology and banding patterns in PNC of otu 1/otu3 flies were cytologically analysed. Extensive variability was noted in the quality of the banding pattern of the PNC chromosomes which ranged from highly condensed (condensed PNC chromosomes) to those with a banding pattern (banded PNC chromosomes) similar to that in larval salivary gland cells (SGC). Both the condensed and banded PNC chromosomes frequently enter into a diffuse state characterised by weakened synapsis of the polytene chromatids and alterations in their banding pattern (diffuse PNC chromosomes). Analysis of DNA synthesis patterns in the various morphological forms of PNC polytene chromosomes by 3H-thymidine autoradiography revealed a basic similarity to the pattern seen in polytene nuclei of larval SGC. Independently replicating sites, however, could be unambiguously identified only in banded PNC chromosomes. Comparison of late replicating sites in such PNC chromosomes with those of larval SGC showed a remarkable similarity in the two cell types. These results suggest a close correlation between the polytene chromosome banding pattern and its replicative organization.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
ID Code:22085
Deposited On:23 Nov 2010 08:28
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