Surface heat flow and probable evolution of deccan volcanism

Gupta, Mohan L. ; Gaur, V. K. (1984) Surface heat flow and probable evolution of deccan volcanism Tectonophysics, 105 (1-4). pp. 309-318. ISSN 0040-1951

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In the light of surface heat-flow observations, as well as other related geological and geophysical data, the origin of the Deccan basalts has been examined. The Indian lithosphere, after its detachment from Gondwanaland, apparently traversed a rising plume at La Reunion, which virtually bored through the lithosphere to emerge as the Deccan Trap volcanism on the surface. Subsequent volcanic and plutonic activity appears to have continued not only up to the Oligocene, as is indicated by the alkaline magmatic activity observed near the junction of the three prominent features - the West Coast faults, the Narmada-Son-Tapti lineament, and the Cambay Graben - but also up to the Mio-Pliocene, as indicated by the heat flow and gravity data over the Cambay Graben. The dyke-swarms and sills, which are mostly post-trappean, evolved from the lithosphere after the Indian Plate moved away from the hot spot.

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