Use of α- and β-subunit specific antibodies in studying interaction of hCG with Leydig cell receptors

Dighe, R. R. ; Moudgal, N. R. (1983) Use of α- and β-subunit specific antibodies in studying interaction of hCG with Leydig cell receptors Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 225 (2). pp. 490-499. ISSN 0003-9861

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Antisera (a/s) raised to individual α- and β-subunits of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) have been characterized for specificity using immunoaffinity procedures and used to study the disposition of the two subunits when intact hCG is complexed with luteinizing hormone (LH) receptor of the Leydig cells. Three kinds of experiments were done. (a) The ability of the preformed hormone-antibody (H-Ab) complex to bind to receptor and stimulate a response; (b) the ability of the a/s to dissociate hCG from its complex with the receptor and thereby terminate response; and (c) the ability of the premixed antibody and receptor to compete for binding of labeled hCG. Although the subunit specific a/s used here were equipotent in binding hCG (capacity to bind and Ka being very similar), their behavior once the receptor preparation or Leydig cell is introduced into the system was drastically different. The β-subunit antibody relative to the α-subunit antibody, appeared to be poorly effective in preventing hCG from either binding to the receptor or inhibiting the continuation of response. The results suggest that hCG upon interaction with the receptor loses the determinants specific to the β-region more rapidly compared to those specific to the α-region suggesting thereby that the initial interaction of hCG with the receptor should be occurring through sites in the β-subunit. Although the α-subunit portion of the hCG molecule is available for binding to the antibody for a relatively longer time, the biological response of the cell seems very sensitive to such binding with the antibody as it invariably results in loss of response. In the Leydig cell system, the ability of the a/s to bind hCG that is already complexed to the receptor appears to be dependent upon the time of addition of the antibody to the incubation medium. The antisera were totally ineffective in inhibiting steroidogenic response to hCG if added 60 min after addition of hCG. This would suggest that the hormone-receptor complex once formed perhaps continues to change its orientation with the result that with time relatively less and less of antigenic determinants become available for antibody binding.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:21600
Deposited On:22 Nov 2010 11:13
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