Nucleon transfer with oxygen ions below and near the coulomb barrier

Nair, K. G. ; Blair, J. S. ; Reisdorf, W. ; Wharton, W. R. ; Braithwaite, W. J. ; Mehta, Madhukar Kapilrai (1973) Nucleon transfer with oxygen ions below and near the coulomb barrier Physical Review C, 8 (3). pp. 1129-1143. ISSN 0556-2813

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Excitation functions have been measured at θlab=170 for the reactions 140Ce(16O, 15N)141Pr (Elab=56.0 to 63.0 MeV), 88Sr(16O, 15N)89Y (42.5 to 50.0 MeV), and 140Ce(18O, 17O)141Ce (56.0 to 61.0 MeV) proceeding to low excited states. Analysis has been made using the sub-Coulomb distorted-wave Born-approximation theory of Buttle and Goldfarb with inclusion of Coulomb correction terms in the form factor and the Buttle-Goldfarb approximation for recoil corrections. Good fits are obtained to the excitation functions at the lower energies. Normalization at these energies determines an essentially invariant quantity, namely the joint probability for the transferred nucleon being at radius R1 with respect to the first core nucleus and radius R2 with respect to the second, where R1≡ α[A11/3/(A11/3+A21/3)] and R2≡α[A21/3/(A11/3+A21/3)], α being the distance of closest approach in a head-on collision averaged between incident and final channels. If specific assumptions are made for the geometrical parameters of the bound states, values can be extracted for the product of spectroscopic factors, S(1) S(2); reasonable geometries lead to values of S(2) very close to those previously obtained from light-ion reactions. Above the barrier, the fits to calculations which use nuclear distorted waves are less satisfactory; for optical potentials which give nearly equivalent elastic scattering, the calculations show moderate ambiguity. We believe the leading uncertainty in our analysis is due to the approximate treatment of recoil.

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