2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid decarboxylase from Aspergillus niger: a novel decarboxylase

Santha, Ramakrishnan ; Savithri, Handanahal S. ; Appaji Rao, N. ; Vaidyanathan, Chelakara S. (1995) 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid decarboxylase from Aspergillus niger: a novel decarboxylase European Journal of Biochemistry, 230 (1). pp. 104-110. ISSN 0014-2956

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1192355...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.0104i.x


2,3-Dihydroxybenzoic acid decarboxylase, the last enzyme in the fungal metabolism of indole to catechol, catalyzes the non-oxidative decarboxylation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid to catechol. Unlike most other decarboxylases, this enzyme does not require a cofactor, underlining the importance of active-site residues in the reaction mechanism. Earlier studies from this laboratory [Kamath, A. V., Appaji Rao, N. & Vaidyanathan, C. S. (1989) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 165, 20-261, have shown that the sulfhydryl agent N-ethylmaleimide (MalNEt) inactivated the enzyme by modifying a single class of cysteine residues and that this inactivation was prevented in the presence of salicylate, a substrate analogue. In the present study, this essential cysteine residue has been identified by specific labelling with [14C]- MalNEt using the differential labelling technique. The stoichiometry of incorporation of [I4C]MalNEt was approximately one/subunit of the homotetrameric protein. The peptide bearing this reactive cysteine residue was isolated by tryptic digestion of the differentially labelled enzyme and subsequent reverse-phase chromatography of the peptide mixture. The sequence of the major radioactive peptide that was identified to be the active-site peptide, was LLGLAETCK. A search for sequences similar to this active-site peptide indicated that this sequence was probably unique to the decarboxylase under study. A partial primary structure map constructed from the sequences of peptides derived from enzymic cleavage of the protein using endoproteinase Glu-C and trypsin did not share any significant sequence similarity with sequences reported in the database, again suggesting the uniqueness of the enzyme. This is the first report on the active-site peptide and the partial primary structure of a non-oxidative decarboxylase catalyzing the removal of a carboxyl group from an aromatic nucleus.

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