Purification and regulatory properties of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) serine hydroxymethyltransferase

Rao, Desirazu Narasimha ; Appaji Rao, N. (1982) Purification and regulatory properties of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) serine hydroxymethyltransferase Plant Physiology, 69 . pp. 11-18. ISSN 0032-0889

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Official URL: http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/6...


Serine hydroxymethyltransferase, the first enzyme in the pathway for interconversion of C1 fragments, was purified to homogeneity for the first time from any plant source. The enzyme from 72-h mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seedlings was isolated using Blue Sepharose CL-6B and folate-AH-Sepharose-4B affinity matrices and had the highest specific activity (1.33 micromoles of HCHO formed per minute per milligram protein) reported hitherto. The enzyme preparation was extremely stable in the presence of folate or L-serine. Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate, ethylenediaminetetraacetate and 2-mercaptoethanol prevented the inactivation of the enzyme during purification. The enzyme functioned optimally at pH 8.5 and had two temperature maxima at 35 and 55°C. The Km values for serine were 1.25 and 68 millimolar, corresponding to Vmax values of 1.8 and 5.4 micromoles of HCHO formed per minute per milligram protein, respectively. The K0.5 value for L-tetrahydrofolate (H4folate) was 0.98 millimolar. Glycine, the product of the reaction and D-cycloserine, a structural analog of D-alanine, were linear competitive inhibitors with respect to L-serine with Ki values of 2.30 and 2.02 millimolar, respectively. Dichloromethotrexate, a substrate analog of H4folate was a competitive inhibitor when H4folate was the varied substrate. Results presented in this paper suggested that pyridoxal 5′-phosphate may not be essential for catalysis. The sigmoid saturation pattern of H4folate (nH = 2.0), one of the substrates, the abolition of sigmoidicity by NADH, an allosteric positive effector (nH = 1.0) and the increase in sigmoidicity by NAD+ and adenine nucleotides, negative allosteric effectors (nH = 2.4) clearly established that this key enzyme in the folate metabolism was an allosteric protein. Further support for this conclusion were the observations that (a) serine saturation exhibited an intermediary plateau region; (b) partial inhibition by methotrexate, aminopterin, O-phosphoserine, DL-α-methylserine and DL-O-methylserine; (c) subunit nature of the enzyme; and (d) decrease in the nH value from 2.0 for H4folate to 1.5 in presence of L-serine. These results highlight the regulatory nature of mung bean serine hydroxymethyltransferase and its possible involvement in the modulation of the interconversion of folate coenzymes.

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