Thermodynamic identification of stable folding intermediates in the B-subunit of cholera toxin

Bhakuni, Vinod ; Xie, Dong ; Freire, Ernesto (1991) Thermodynamic identification of stable folding intermediates in the B-subunit of cholera toxin Biochemistry, 30 (20). pp. 5055-5060. ISSN 0006-2960

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The structural stability and domain structure of the pentameric B-subunit of cholera toxin have been measured as a function of different perturbants in order to assess the magnitude of the interactions within the B-subunits. For these studies, temperature, guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl), and pH were used as perturbants, and the effects were measured by high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry, isothermal reaction calorimetry, fluorescence spectroscopy, and partial protease digestion. At pH 7.5 and in the absence of any additional perturbants, the thermal unfolding of the β-subunit pentamer is characterized by a single peak in the heat capacity function centered at 77 ° C and characterized by a Δ Hcal of 328 kcal/mol of B-subunit pentamer and ΔHvh/Δ Hcal of 0.3. Lowering the pH down to 4 or adding GuHCl up to 2 M results in a decrease of the calorimetric enthalpy with no significant effect on the van't Hoff enthalpy. The transition enthalpy decreases in a sigmoidal fashion with pH, with an inflection point centered at pH 5.3. Isothermal titration calorimetric studies as a function of pH also report a transition centered at pH 5.3 and characterized by an enthalpy change of 27 kcal/mol of B-subunit pentamer at 27°C. Below this pH, the enthalpy change for the unfolding transition is reduced to approximately 100 kcal/mol of B-subunit pentamer. Similar behavior is obtained with GuHCl. In this case, a first transition is observed at 0.5 M GuHCl and a second one at 3 M GuHCl.

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Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:20898
Deposited On:20 Nov 2010 13:22
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