Organizational variation of DYZ1 repeat sequences on the human Y chromosome and its diagnostic potentials

Rahman, Mohammed Mahidur ; Bashamboo, Anu ; Prasad, Aparna ; Pathak, Deepali ; Ali, Sher (2004) Organizational variation of DYZ1 repeat sequences on the human Y chromosome and its diagnostic potentials DNA and Cell Biology, 23 (9). pp. 561-571. ISSN 1044-5498

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The long arm of the human Y chromosome is flecked with various fractions of repetitive DNA. DYZ1 is one such fraction, which is organized tandemly as an array of a 3.4-kb repeat ranging from 2000-4000 copies in normal males. We have studied the organizational variation of the DYZ1 fraction on the human Y chromosome using DNA samples from CEPH family members and the random population employing the RFLP approach, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and conducted a similarity search with GenBank sequences. Typing of genomic DNA using DYZ1 as a probe showed an allele length and copy number variations even between two male siblings. Hybridization of DNA from monochromosome hybrids with this probe showed its presence on chromosome 15 in addition to the Y chromosome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization of metaphase chromosomes from an apparently normal male showed DYZ1 sequences in the proximal region of chromosome 11 in addition to the long arm of the Y chromosome. Typing of sets of semen and blood DNA samples from the same human individuals showed discernible allelic variation between the two samples, indicating tissue- specific programmed sequence modulation. DYZ1 seems to be the first probe having the unique potential to discriminate unequivocally the difference between the DNA originating from semen and blood samples, and may be exploited in forensic cases. This probe may also be used as a diagnostic tool to ascertain Y chromosome mosaicism in patients (e.g., Turner), its aberrant status in somatic cells, and possible sequence modulation/rearrangement in the germline samples. Additionally, this can be used to uncover sequence polymorphism in the human population.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
ID Code:20725
Deposited On:20 Nov 2010 13:40
Last Modified:04 Jan 2011 06:02

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