Multidimensional approaches in dealing with prostate cancer

Ali, Safdar ; Ali, Sher (2008) Multidimensional approaches in dealing with prostate cancer Gene, 410 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0378-1119

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Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent malignancies worldwide affecting the human male population. Different case-control, cohort or twin studies and segregation analyses point towards the presence of prostate cancer-susceptibility genes in the population. The studies have shown linkage of prostate susceptibility genes to multiple loci on chromosome 1 and single locus each on chromosomes 4, 8, 16, 17, 19, 20 and X chromosome. However, differences right from the mode of inheritance (autosomal dominant or X-linked recessive) to the target genes exist. There have been reports supporting no or weak linkage to these loci as well. Also, region (environmental factors), age and dietary habits have implications in different aspects of the disease. The important targets for treating prostate cancer are androgens and estrogen (synthesized from androgens by the action of enzyme aromatase) owing to their involvement in development and progression of prostate cancer. Further, prostate gland needs androgens (male hormones) for its normal maintenance and functioning. Besides, radiation therapy and surgical methods have also been used. The emerging areas include identifying and preparing successful vaccines from candidate peptides and gene therapy in several forms. This review deals with the paradox of linkage analyses and the various approaches in practice for treatment and management of prostate cancer.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Linkage; Androgen; Estrogen; Radiation
ID Code:20711
Deposited On:20 Nov 2010 13:41
Last Modified:04 Jan 2011 04:23

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