Congenital infection of mice with Japanese encephalitis virus

Mathur, A. ; Arora, K. L. ; Chaturvedi, U. C. (1981) Congenital infection of mice with Japanese encephalitis virus Infection and Immunity, 34 (1). pp. 26-29. ISSN 0019-9567

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Transplacental transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) when given intraperitoneally was demonstrated in pregnant mice as shown by isolation of the virus from placenta and fetal tissues. Furthermore, JEV could be isolated from the brain, liver, and spleen of newborn mice. The effect of JEV at different periods of gestation in pregnant mice was demonstrated for the first time, and the consequences of maternal infection on fetuses and neonates were studied. JEV infection during the 1st week of gestation caused a significantly higher number of fetal and neonatal deaths (66%) than during the 3rd week of gestation (13.8%). The number of abortions, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths was higher in infected mothers than in controls. No congenital abnormalities were found in any of the newborn mice. Sera obtained from 5-week-old health mice delivered by mothers infected during the 3rd week of gestation contained JEV hemagglutination inhibiting and immunoglobulin M antibodies. The results of these preliminary experiments show the usefulness of mice as a model for further elucidation of JEV infection during pregnancy and its effects on the fetus.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
ID Code:20464
Deposited On:20 Nov 2010 14:28
Last Modified:17 May 2016 04:48

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