The onset of the southwest monsoon over Kerala: 1901-1980

Ananthakrishnan, R. ; Soman, M. K. (1988) The onset of the southwest monsoon over Kerala: 1901-1980 International Journal of Climatology, 8 (3). pp. 283-296. ISSN 0899-8418

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Utilising daily mean rainfall from dense rain gauge networks, the dates of onset of the southwest monsoon over south and north Kerala have been derived on the basis of objective criteria for the years 1901 to 1980. These dates have been compared with the onset dates as per records of the India Meteorological Department. Statistics of the onset dates are presented. The mean onset date for south Kerala is found to be 30 May and for north Kerala 1 June with a standard deviation of about 9 days in both cases. The sharp increase in rainfall that heralds the onset of the monsoon is highlighted by superposed epoch analysis. The prevailing notion that rainfall from pre-monsoon thunderstorms progressively increases and merges with the monsoon rainfall is shown to be not valid.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Keywords:Southwest Monsoon; Onset Dates; Kerala
ID Code:2014
Deposited On:08 Oct 2010 09:33
Last Modified:12 May 2011 10:06

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