The hypoxic stress on erythrocytes associated with superoxide formation

Rifkind, J. M. ; Zhang, L. ; Levy, A. ; Manoharan, P. T. (1991) The hypoxic stress on erythrocytes associated with superoxide formation Free Radical Research, 13 (1). pp. 645-652. ISSN 1071-5762

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Super oxide is produced during the authorization of hemoglobin. Authorization of hemoglobin is, however, facilitated under hypoxic conditions where hemoglobin is only partially oxygenated. We have recently found that the erythrocyte superoxide dismutase does not fully react with the additional superoxide produced under hypoxic conditions. A leakage of superoxide from the erythrocyte is thus detected, resulting in a potential source for oxyradical damage to tissues. Detailed studies on intact erythrocytes as a function of oxygen pressure have now been performed. These studies further delineate the hypoxic stress on erythrocytes and the mechanism for the leakage of superoxide. By centrifugation of samples under various oxygen pressures it was possible to show an enhanced rate of lysis at reduced oxygen pressures with a maximum rate in the region of 25 mm Hg. At much lower pressures where the hemoglobin is mostly deoxygenated the rate of lysis was dramatically decreased with almost no lysis detected even after three days. Lysis is shown to be associated with superoxide membrane damage. The formation of superoxide which does not react with endogenous SOD reaches a maximum value at much lower pressures where most of the hemoglobin is deoxygenated. It is suggested that the leakage at low pressure is associated with the formation of superoxide by oxidation of hemoglobin associated with the membrane.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Anthropological Association.
Keywords:Erythrocytes; Superoxide; Lysis; Hypoxia; Oxygen; Oxidation
ID Code:19913
Deposited On:22 Nov 2010 11:40
Last Modified:06 Jun 2011 12:16

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