A critical assessment of the mechanistic aspects in HAYNES 188 during low-cycle fatigue in the range 25°C to 1000°C

Bhanu Sankara Rao, K. ; Castelli, M. G. ; Allen, G. P. ; Ellis, John R. (1997) A critical assessment of the mechanistic aspects in HAYNES 188 during low-cycle fatigue in the range 25°C to 1000°C Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 28 (2). pp. 347-361. ISSN 1073-5623

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-997-0137-z


The low-cycle fatigue (LCF) behavior of a wrought cobalt-base superalloy, Haynes 188, has been investigated over a range of temperatures between 25 °C and 1000 °C employing a triangular waveform and a constant strain amplitude of ±0.4 pct. Correlations between macroscopic cyclic deformation and fatigue life with the various microstructural phenomena were enabled through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), detailing the crack initiation and propagation modes, deformation substructure, and carbide precipitation. Cyclic stress response varied as a complex function of temperature. Dynamic strain aging (DSA) was found to occur over a wide temperature range between 300 °C and 750 °C. In the DSA domain, the alloy exhibited marked cyclic hardening with a pronounced maximum at 650 °C. Dynamic strain aging has been documented through the occurrence of serrated yielding, inverse temperature dependence of maximum cyclic stress, and cyclic inelastic strain developed at half of the fatigue life. Additionally, the alloy also displayed a negative strain rate sensitivity of cyclic stress in the DSA regime. These macroscopic features in the DSA domain were accompanied by the substructure comprised of coplanar distribution of dislocations associated with the formation of pileups, stacking faults, and very high dislocation density. Toward the end of the DSA domain, dislocation pinning by M23C6 precipitates occurred predominantly. The deformation behavior below and above the DSA domain has also been investigated in detail. The temperature dependence of LCF life showed a maximum at ≈300 °C. The drastic reduction in life between 300 °C and 850 °C has been ascribed primarily to the deleterious effects of DSA on crack initiation and propagation, while the lower life at temperatures less than 200 °C has been attributed to the combined influence of low ductility and larger cyclic response stress.

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