An assessment of cold work effects on strain-controlled low-cycle fatigue behavior of type 304 stainless steel

Bhanu Sankara Rao, K. ; Valsan, M. ; Sandhya, R. ; Mannan, S. L. ; Rodriguez, P. (1993) An assessment of cold work effects on strain-controlled low-cycle fatigue behavior of type 304 stainless steel Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 24 (4). pp. 913-924. ISSN 1073-5623

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The influence of prior cold work (PCW) on low-cycle fatigue (LCF) behavior of type 304 stainless steel has been studied at 300, 823, 923, and 1023 K by conducting total axial strain-controlled tests in solution annealed (SA, 0 pct PCW) condition and on specimens having three levels of PCW, namely, 10, 20, and 30 pct. A triangular waveform with a constant frequency of 0.1 Hz was employed for all of the tests performed over strain amplitudes in the range of ±0.25 to ± 1.25 pct. These studies have revealed that fatigue life is strongly dependent on PCW, temperature, and strain amplitude employed in testing. The SA material generally displayed better endurance in terms of total and plastic strain amplitudes than the material in 10, 20, and 30 pct PCW conditions at all of the temperatures. However, at 300 K at very low strain amplitudes, PCW material exhibited better total strain fatigue resistance. At 823 K, LCF life decreased with increasing PCW, whereas at 923 K, 10 pct PCW displayed the lowest life. An improvement in life occurred for prior deformations exceeding 10 pct at all strain amplitudes at 923 K. Fatigue life showed a noticeable decrease with increasing temperature up to 1023 K in PCW state. On the other hand, SA material displayed a minimum in fatigue life at 923 K. The fatigue life results of SA as well as all of the PCW conditions obeyed the Basquin and Coffin-Manson relationships at 300, 823, and 923 K. The constants and exponents in these equations were found to depend on the test temperature and prior metallurgical state of the material. A study is made of cyclic stress-strain behavior in SA and PCW states and the relationship between the cyclic strain-hardening exponent and fatigue behavior at different temperatures has been explored. The influence of environment on fatigue crack initiation and propagation behavior has been examined.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
ID Code:18232
Deposited On:17 Nov 2010 12:56
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