Analysis of multi-channel seismic reflection and magnetic data along 13°N latitude across the Bay of Bengal

Gopala Rao, D. ; Bhattacharya, G. C. ; Ramana, M. V. ; Subrahmanyam, V. ; Ramprasad, T. ; Krishna, K. S. ; Chaubey, A. K. ; Murty, G. P. S. ; Srinivas, K. ; Desa, Maria ; et., al (1994) Analysis of multi-channel seismic reflection and magnetic data along 13°N latitude across the Bay of Bengal Marine Geophysical Researches, 16 (3). pp. 225-236. ISSN 0025-3235

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Analysis of the multi-channel seismic reflection, magnetic and bathymetric data collected along a transect, 1110 km long parallel to 13°N latitude across the Bay of Bengal was made. The transect is from the continental shelf off Madras to the continental slope off Andaman Island in water depths of 525 m to 3350 m and across the Western Basin (bounded by foot of the continental slope of Madras and 85°E Ridge), the 85° E Ridge, the Central Basin (between the 85°E Ridge and the Ninetyeast Ridge), the Ninetyeast Ridge and the Sunda Arc. The study revealed eight seismic sequences, H1 to H8 of parallel continuous to discontinuous reflectors. Considering especially depth to the horizons, nature of reflection and on comparison with the published seismic reflection results of Currayet al. (1982), the early Eocene (P) and Miocene (M) unconformities and the base of the Quaternary sediments (Q) are identified on the seismic section. Marked changes in velocities also occur at their boundaries. In the Western Basin the acoustic basement deepening landward is inferred as a crystalline basement overlain by about 6.7 km of sediment. In the Central Basin possibly thicker sediments than in the Western Basin are estimated. The sediments in the Sunda Arc area are relatively thick and appears to have no distinct horizons. But the entire sedimentary section appears to be consisting of folded and possibly faulted layers. The comparatively broader wavelength magnetic anomalies of the Central Basin also indicate deeper depth of their origin. Very prominent double humped feature of the 85° E Ridge and broad basement swell of the Ninetyeast Ridge are buried under about 2.8 km thick sediments except over the prominent basement high near 92° E longitude. The positive structural relief of the buried 85° E Ridge in the area is reflected in magnetic signature of about 450 nT amplitude. Flexural bulge of the 85° E Ridge and subsidence of the Ninetyeast Ridge about 24 cm my-1 rate since early Eocene period have been inferred from the seismic sequence analysis.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:Seismic Reflection; Magnetics; Bay of Bengal
ID Code:18060
Deposited On:17 Nov 2010 13:15
Last Modified:04 Jun 2011 10:42

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