Anomalous response of oxonol-V to membrane potential in mitochondrial proton pumps

Ahmed, Ishak ; Krishnamoorthy, G. (1994) Anomalous response of oxonol-V to membrane potential in mitochondrial proton pumps Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Bioenergetics, 1188 (1-2). pp. 131-138. ISSN 0005-2728

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


The response of the fluorescent membrane potential probe oxonol-V (bis[3-phenyl 5 oxoisoxazol-4-yl]pentamethine oxonol) in submitochondrial particles (SMP) was dependent upon whether the potential (inside positive) was generated by active proton pumps or by valinomycin-aided passive K+ influx. The fluorescence intensity showed a decrease in the former case and an increase in the latter situation. This anomalous behavior was not observed with other similar anionic probes. Gradual inhibition of proton pumping activity showed that the difference in the response of oxonol-V is not due to possible difference in the magnitude of membrane potential generated in these two situations. In the presence of membrane permeant anions such as TPB- (tetraphenyl boron) or chlorate, the direction of response of oxonol-V fluorescence was the same in both situations. Time-resolved fluorescence of the oxonol-V-SMP system showed three populations: one free form (fluorescence lifetime ~60 ps) and two SMP-bound forms (lifetimes of 0.45 ns and 1.4 ns). A fourth population was created during the action of proton pumps. The shorter lifetime ( ~250 ps) of this new bound form suggest this population to be an aggregated form. This population was absent during the action of proton pumps in the presence of TPB- or chlorate. These results suggest the creation of a charge separated state during the action of proton pumps. The decrease in fluorescence intensity could be the result of aggregation of oxonol-V around the positive end of a proton pump existing in a dipole or charge separated state.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Oxonol-V; Membrane Potential; Proton Pump; Charge Separation; Fluorescence Probe; Time-resolved Fluorescence
ID Code:17998
Deposited On:17 Nov 2010 13:22
Last Modified:04 Jun 2011 04:21

Repository Staff Only: item control page