Isolation and characterization of plamsa membrane from monolayer cultures of epithelial type II lung cells

Basu, M. K. ; Colacicco, Giuseppe ; Picciano, Paul T. ; Rosenbaum, Robert M. ; Wittner, Murray (1979) Isolation and characterization of plamsa membrane from monolayer cultures of epithelial type II lung cells Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 198 (2). pp. 349-359. ISSN 0003-9861

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Pneumocyte type II produces a phospholipid, dipalmitoyl lecithin, which is stored in and secreted from the cell's inclusion bodies and is indispensable for alveolar stability. Cloned rat lung type II cells were harvested at monolayer confluence and homogenized in swelling buffer. After sequential differential centrifugations, the crude membrane fraction was subjected to discontinuous sucrose density gradient centrifugation at 65,000 × g. Quality of the relevant fractions was monitored by enzyme activities and phase contrast and electron microscopy of two major bands at densities 1.16 and 1.18, respectively. The less dense band contained only small quantities of organelles, little cytochrome c oxidase, and some glucose 6-phosphatase, but had a significant (Na+, K+)-ATPase activity; this and ultrastructural evidence certified the product as a suitable plasma membrane preparation. Upon sodium dodecyl sulfate-poly acrylamide gel electrophoresis, the protein pattern consisted of 11 major protein bands between 13,000 and 68,000 Mr ranges, and several minor ones. The lipid pattern was studied by two-dimensional thin layer chromatograpy, followed by various group reactions (e.g., amine, unsaturation, phosphorus, sugars). In the two major phospholipids, phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl ethanolamine, palmitic acid was the least abundant of four major fatty acids, accounting for 14.20% in phosphatidyl choline and 5.70% in phosphatidyl ethanolamine, whereas the most abundant were stearic and palmitoleic with about 28% each in phosphatidyl choline, and palmitoleic (29.90%) and oleic (23.055%) in the ethanolamine phosphatide. Apparently, the palmitic acid containing phosphatidyl choline must be in the lamellar inclusion bodies of type II cells and not in their plasma membranes.

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