Novel solution conformation of DNA observed in d(GAATTCGAATTC) by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy

Chary, K. V. R. ; Hosur, R. V. ; Govil, Girjesh ; Tan, Zu Kun ; Miles, H. T. (1987) Novel solution conformation of DNA observed in d(GAATTCGAATTC) by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy Biochemistry, 26 (5). pp. 1315-1322. ISSN 0006-2960

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Resonance assignments of nonexchangeable base and sugar protons of the self-complementary dodecanucleotide d(GAATTCGAATTC) have been obtained by using the two-dimensional Fourier transform NMR methods correlated spectroscopy and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy. Conformational details about the sugar pucker, the glycosidic dihedral angle, and the overall secondary structure of the molecule have been derived from the relative intensities of cross peaks in the two-dimensional NMR spectra in aqueous solution. It is observed that d(GAATTCGAATTC) assumes a novel double-helical structure. The solution conformations of the two complementary strands are identical, unlike those observed in a related sequence in the solid state. Most of the five-membered sugar rings adopt an unusual O1'-endo geometry. All the glycosidic dihedral angles are in the anti domain. The AATT segments A2-T5 and A8-T11 show better stacking compared to the rest of the molecule. These features fit into a right-handed DNA model for the above two segments, with the sugar geometries different from the conventional ones. There are important structural variations in the central TCG portion, which is known to show preferences for DNase I activity, and between G1-A2 and G7-A8, which are cleavage points in the EcoRI recognition sequence. The sugar puckers for G1 and G7 are significantly different from the rest of the molecule. Further, in the three segments mentioned above, the sugar phosphate geometry is such that the distances between protons on adjacent nucleotides are much larger than those expected for a right-handed DNA. We suggest that such crevices in the DNA structure may act as "hot points" in initiation of protein recognition.

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Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:16728
Deposited On:15 Nov 2010 13:23
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