Scavenging of atmospheric ions and aerosols by drifting snow in Antarctica

Kamra, A. K. ; Siingh, Devendraa ; Pant, Vimlesh (2009) Scavenging of atmospheric ions and aerosols by drifting snow in Antarctica Atmospheric Research, 91 (2-4). pp. 215-218. ISSN 0169-8095

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Measurements of the small-, intermediate-, and large-ion concentrations and the air-earth current density along with simultaneous measurements of the concentration and size distribution of aerosol particles in the size ranges 4.4-163 nm and 0.5-20 μm diameter are reported for a drifting snow period after the occurrence of a blizzard at a coastal station, Maitri, Antarctica. Ion concentrations of all categories and the air-earth current simultaneously decrease by approximately an order of magnitude as the wind speed increases from 5 to 10 ms-1. The rate of decrease is the highest for large ions, lowest for small ions and in-between the two for intermediate ions. Total aerosol number concentration decreases in the 4.4-163 nm size range but increases in the 0.5-20 μm size range with wind speed. The size distribution of the nanometer particles shows a dominant maximum at ~ 30 nm diameter throughout the period of observations and the height of the maximum decreases with wind speed. However, larger particles show a maximum at ~ 0.7 μm diameter but the height of the maximum increases with increasing wind speed. The results are explained in terms of scavenging of atmospheric ions and aerosols by the drifting snow particles.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Ions and Aerosols in Antarctica; Scavenging of Ions and Aerosols by Drifting Snow; Air-earth Current Density
ID Code:16521
Deposited On:15 Nov 2010 09:29
Last Modified:03 Jun 2011 09:10

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