Biophysical investigations on the active site of brain hexokinase

Kenkare, U. W. ; Jarori, G. K. ; Kasturi, S. R. ; Mehta, A. ; Pitale, M. P. (1985) Biophysical investigations on the active site of brain hexokinase Journal of Biosciences, 8 (1-2). pp. 107-119. ISSN 0250-5991

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Replacement of Mg (II), the natural activator of brain hexokinase (EC by paramagnetic Mn (II) without affecting the physiological properties of the enzyme, has rendered brain hexokinase accessible to investigations by magnetic resonance methods. Based on such studies, a site on the enzyme, where Mn (II) binds directly with high affinity has been identified and characterized in detail. Use of β,γ-bidentate Cr (III) ATP as an exchange-inert analogue for Mn (II) ATP has shown that Mn (II) binding directly to the enzyme has no catalytic role but another Mn (II) ion binding simultaneously and independently to the enzyme through the nucleotide bridge participates in enzyme function. However, using this direct binding Mn (II) ion and a covalently bound spin label as paramagnetic probes a beginning has been made in mapping the ligand binding sites of the enzyme. Ultra-violet difference spectroscopy has revealed the presence of at least two glucose 6-phosphate locations on the enzyme one of which presumably is the high affinity regulatory site modulated by substrate glucose. Elution behaviour of the enzyme on a phosphocellulose column suggests that glucose induces a specific phosphate site on the enzyme to which the phosphate bearing regulatory ligands of the enzyme may bind.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Hexokinase; Brain; Active Site; Magnetic Resonance Studies; Enzyme Ligand Interactions; Ligand Site Mapping
ID Code:16216
Deposited On:15 Nov 2010 14:01
Last Modified:17 May 2016 01:01

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