Heat-induced alterations in monkey erythrocyte membrane phospholipid organization and skeletal protein structure and interactions

Kumar, A. ; Gudi, S. R. P. ; Gokhale, S. M. ; Bhakuni, V. ; Gupta, C. M. (1990) Heat-induced alterations in monkey erythrocyte membrane phospholipid organization and skeletal protein structure and interactions Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 1030 (2). pp. 269-278. ISSN 0005-2736

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/000527...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-2736(90)90303-6


Rhesus monkey erythrocytes were subjected to heating at 50°C for 5-15 min, and the heat-induced effects on the membrane structure were ascertained by analysing the membrane phospholipid organization and membrane skeleton dynamics and interactions in the heated cells. Membrane skeleton dynamics and interactions were determined by measuring the Tris-induced dissociation of the Triton-insoluble membrane skeletons (Triton shells), the spectrin-actin extractability at low ionic strength, spectrin self-association and spectrin binding to normal monkey erythrocyte membrane inside-out vesicles (IOVs). The Tris-induced Triton shell dissociation and spectrin-actin extractability were markedly decreased by the erythrocyte heating. Also, the binding of the heated erythrocyte membrane spectrin-actin with the IOVs was much smaller than that observed with the normal erythrocyte spectrin-actin. Further, the spectrin structure was extensively modified in the heated cells, as compared to the normal erythrocytes. Transbilayer phospholipid organization was ascertained by employing bee venom and pancreatic phospholipases A2, fluorescamine, and Merocyanine 540 as the external membrane probes. The amounts of aminophospholipids hydrolysed by phospholipases A2 or labeled by fluorescamine in intact erythrocytes considerably increased after subjecting them to heating at 50°C for 15 min. Also, the fluorescent dye Merocyanine 540 readily stained the 15-min-heated cells but not the fresh erythrocytes. Unlike these findings, the extent of aminophospholipid hydrolysis in 5-min-heated cells by phospholipases A2 depended on the incubation time. While no change in the membrane phospholipid organization could be detected in 10 min, prolonged incubations led to the increased aminophospholipid hydrolysis. Similarly, fluorescamine failed to detect any change in the transbilayer phospholipid distribution soon after the 5 min heating, but it labeled greater amounts of aminophospholipids in the 5-min-heated cells, as compared to normal cells, after incubating them for 4 h at 37°C. These results have been discussed to analyse the role of membrane skeleton in maintaining the erythrocyte membrane phospholipid asymmetry. It has been concluded that both the ATP-dependent aminophospholipid pump and membrane bilayer-skeleton interactions are required to maintain the transbilayer phospholipid asymmetry in native erythrocyte membrane.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Membrane; Lipid Asymmetry; Phospholipid-spectrin Interaction; Spectrin Denaturation; Erythrocyte Heating
ID Code:15941
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:41
Last Modified:16 May 2011 09:28

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