Membrane phospholipid organization in calcium-loaded human erythrocytes

Chandra, R. ; Joshi, P. C. ; Bajpai, V. K. ; Gupta, C. M. (1987) Membrane phospholipid organization in calcium-loaded human erythrocytes Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 902 (2). pp. 253-262. ISSN 0005-2736

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Intracellular Ca2+ levels in human erythrocytes were increased by incubating them with variable concentrations of Ca2+ in the presence of ionophore A23187. Experiments were done to confirm that the Ca2+ loading did induce changes in the cell shape and membrane protein composition. The effect of the increased cytoplasmic Ca2+ levels on the membrane phospholipid organization was analysed using bee venom and pancreatic phospholipases A2, Merocyanine 540 and fluorescamine as the external membrane probes. About 20% phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and 0% phosphatidylserine (PS) were hydrolysed by the phospholipases in intact control cells, whereas in identical conditions these enzymes readily degraded, 20-30% PE and 7-30% PS, in Ca2+-loaded erythrocytes, depending on the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration. Also, Merocyanine 540 failed to stain the fresh or control erythrocytes, but it labeled the cells loaded with Ca2+. Furthermore, fluorescamine labeled approx. 20% PE in fresh or control erythrocytes while in identical conditions, significantly higher amounts of PE were modified in intact Ca2+-loaded cells. These results demonstrate that Ca2+ loading in human erythrocytes leads to loss of the transbilayer phospholipid asymmetry, and suggest that, together with spectrin, polypeptides 2.1 and 4.1 may also play an important role in maintaining the asymmetric distribution of various phospholipids across the erythrocyte membrane bilayer.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Lipid Asymmetry; Cell Shape; Membrane Skeleton; Phospholipase A2; (erythrocyte)
ID Code:15932
Deposited On:16 Nov 2010 13:42
Last Modified:03 Jun 2011 04:42

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