Photocatalytic degradation of various dyes by combustion synthesized nano anatase TiO2

Sivalingam, G. ; Nagaveni, K. ; Hegde, M. S. ; Madras, Giridhar (2003) Photocatalytic degradation of various dyes by combustion synthesized nano anatase TiO2 Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 45 (1). pp. 23-28. ISSN 0926-3373

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The 8-10 nm pure anatase phase titania with 156 m2/g BET surface area was prepared by solution combustion method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and BET surface area. This catalyst was used for the photocatalytic degradation of various dyes such as heteropolyaromatic dye (Methylene blue), anthraquinonic dye (Alizarin S), and azoic dyes (Methyl red, Congo red, and Orange G). The effect of catalyst loading, initial concentrations of the dyes, pH, and transition metal doping on TiO2 was investigated. Substitution of TiO2 with transition metal had a detrimental effect on the photocatalytic activity. However, this inhibition effect was not observed with Pt impregnated TiO2. This was attributed to the metals being in ionic state in metal substituted TiO2 synthesized by combustion method, and zero state of metal in impregnated catalysts as evidenced by XPS study. The degradation of dyes was also investigated in solar exposure. The photoactivity of the combustion synthesized titania was higher than commercial TiO2 (Degussa P-25) for both UV and solar exposure. The experimental data followed Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) rate form and the kinetic parameters were obtained.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Nano-size Anatase TiO2; Solution Combustion Method; Photocatalysis; Transition Metal Doping; Langmuir-Hinshelwood Model
ID Code:15761
Deposited On:13 Nov 2010 12:35
Last Modified:03 Jun 2011 07:37

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