Salt stress response in rice: genetics, molecular biology, and comparative genomics

Sahi, Chandan ; Singh, Amanjot ; Kumar, Krishan ; Blumwald, Eduardo ; Grover, Anil (2006) Salt stress response in rice: genetics, molecular biology, and comparative genomics Functional and Integrative Genomics, 6 (4). pp. 263-284. ISSN 1438-793X

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Significant progress has been made in unraveling the molecular biology of rice in the past two decades. Today, rice stands as a forerunner amongst the cereals in terms of details known on its genetics. Evidence show that salt tolerance in plants is a quantitative trait. Several traditional cultivars, landraces, and wild types of rice like Pokkali, CSR types, and Porteresia coarctata appear as promising materials for donation of requisite salt tolerance genes. A large number of quantitative trait loci (QTL) have been identified for salt tolerance in rice through generation of recombinant inbred lines and are being mapped using different types of DNA markers. Salt-tolerant transgenic rice plants have been produced using a host of different genes and transcript profiling by micro- and macroarray-based methods has opened the gates for the discovery of novel salt stress mechanisms in rice, and comparative genomics is turning out to be a critical input in this respect. In this paper, we present a comprehensive review of the genetic, molecular biology, and comparative genomics effort towards the generation of salt-tolerant rice. From the data on comprehensive transcript expression profiling of clones representing salt-stress-associated genes of rice, it is shown that transcriptional and translational machineries are important determinants in controlling salt stress response, and gene expression response in tolerant and susceptible rice plants differs mainly in quantitative terms.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:cDNA Clones; Contrasting Types; DNA Markers; Macroarray; Northern Blotting; Plant Breeding; QTL; Rice; Salt Stress; Transgenics
ID Code:15690
Deposited On:13 Nov 2010 12:43
Last Modified:17 May 2016 00:33

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