Molecular and crystal structure of azadirachtin-H

Govindachari, T. R. ; Gopalakrishnan, Geetha ; Rajan, S. S. ; Kabaleeswaran, V. ; Lessinger, L. (1996) Molecular and crystal structure of azadirachtin-H Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, 52 (1). pp. 145-150. ISSN 0108-7681

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Azadirachtin-H, isolated from the seed kernels of Azadirachta indica (neem), crystallizes in space group I4, Z = 8, with disordered ethyl acetate solvent filling channels along the fourfold rotation axes. The crystal structure determination showed that the previously reported molecular structure deduced from NMR studies was correct except for the stereochemistry at C(11). Azadirachtin-H, which belongs to a group of C-seco-tetranortriterpenoids (C-seco-limonoids) of great interest for their insect antifeedant and ecdysis-inhibiting activity, has some unusual features: the absence of a carbomethoxy group at C(11); the presence of a cyclic hemiacetal function at C(11); the α-orientation of the hydroxyl group on C(11), opposite to that in all other known azadirachtins with a hydroxyl group on C(11), except azadirachtin-I. There is no intramolecular hydrogen bonding. In this crystal the rotation of the two major moieties of the azadirachtin-H molecule about the single connecting C(8)-C(14) bond is quite different from that in azadirachtin-A, whose crystal structure has recently been determined.

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ID Code:15181
Deposited On:13 Nov 2010 06:36
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