A saccharum-zea cross

Janaki Ammal, E. K. (1938) A saccharum-zea cross Nature, 142 (3596). pp. 618-619. ISSN 0028-0836

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v142/n3596/ab...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/142618c0


Both Saccharum and Zea are distinguished by the readiness with which they cross with related genera. For example, while Mangelsdorf and Reeves1 have crossed Zea Mays with Euchlcena and Tripsacum, Venkatraman and Thomas2 Have crossed S. officinarum with a species of Sorghum and even the remotely related Bambusa3. I have also crossed S. officinarum with Imperata Cylindrica Beaew. and S. spontaneum L. with Sorghum Durra and Sorghum halepense. In spite of Zea and Saccharum being in two different sections of the GramineÃ|ae Andropogoneae and Maydeae (Bews)-I thought it worth while to cross them, and after several attempts using many thousands of flowers of a male sterile variety (Vellai) of S. officinarum 2n=80=8x as the female parent, and variety Golden Beauty of Zea Mays 2n=20, 2B as the male parent, I obtained a single seedling. This plant has received the expected 40 chromosomes from the Saccharum parent and 12 chromosomes from the male parent Zea. Amongst these the VI nucleolar chromosome of Zea Mays is recognizable.

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