Oxygen isotope studies of ordinary chondrites

Clayton, Robert N. ; Mayeda, Toshiko K. ; Goswami, J. N. ; Olsen, Edward J. (1991) Oxygen isotope studies of ordinary chondrites Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 55 (8). pp. 2317-2337. ISSN 0016-7037

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/001670...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(91)90107-G


Several stages in the evolution of ordinary chondritic meteorites are recorded in the oxygen isotopic composition of the meteorites and their separable components (chondrules, fragments, clasts, and matrix). The whole-rock isotopic compositions reflect the iron-group of the meteorite (H, L, or LL). Isotopic uniformity of H3 to H6 and L3 to L6 are consistent with closed-system metamorphism within each parent body. LL3 chondrites differ slightly from LL4 to LL6, implying a small degree of opensystem aqueous alteration and carbon reduction. On the scale of individual chondrules, the meteorites are isotopically heterogeneous, allowing recognition of the solar-nebular processes of chondrule formation. Chondrules for all classes of ordinary chondrites are derived from a common population, which was separate from the population of chondrules in carbonaceous or enstatite chondrites. Chondrules define an isotopic mixing line dominated by exchange between 16O-rich and 16O-poor reservoirs. The oxygen isotopic compositions of chondrites serve as "fingerprints" for identification of genetic association with other meteorite types (achondrites and iron) and for recognition of source materials in meteoritic breccias.

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