Do data on W and Z decays already constrain nonstandard physics?

Datta, A. ; Drees, M. ; Godbole, R. M. ; Tata, X. R. (1988) Do data on W and Z decays already constrain nonstandard physics? Physical Review D, 37 (7). pp. 1876-1891. ISSN 0556-2821

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We study the predictions of several extensions of the standard model (SM) for the ratio R=N(pp-→W→eν)/N(pp-→Z→e+e-). The starting point of our investigation is the observation that the SM prediction for R seems to be somewhat above the data, especially if the top quark is heavy. We first show that this situation is not changed qualitatively by the incorporation of full quark-mass-dependent QCD corrections for ΓW and ΓZ. However, if either gauginos or exotic E(6) leptons with suitably chosen masses and mixings are present, the prediction for R can be reduced by 0.5-0.7 units. A similar reduction is possible if the Z boson mixes with the Z'boson present in certain SO(10) and E(6) models. For large top masses the reduction of R can be even larger if the b quark has a sizable SU(2)-singlet component, which is possible in superstring-inspired E(6) models. However, sleptons or squarks cannot reduce the prediction for R, and in models with two Higgs doublets R is expected to be close to its SM value. We then show that existing data strongly disfavor a sequential down-type quark below 26 GeV, and derive limits on the Vtb element of the extended Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix of four-generation models. We also show that the data on R together with existing bounds on the ρ parameter severely constrain models of four-generation quark mass matrices. Furthermore, we find that the simultaneous existence of a light photino and a chargino with mass below MZ/2 is strongly disfavored. We finally discuss the possible effects of new physics on the bounds on the top-quark mass and the number of light neutrino species that can be derived from the experimental upper bound on R.

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