Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may not be a severe disease at presentation among Asian Indians

Madan, Kaushal ; Batra, Yogesh ; Datta Gupta, S. ; Chander, Bal ; Anand Rajan, K. D. ; Tewatia, M. S. ; Panda, S. K. ; Acharya, S. K. (2006) Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may not be a severe disease at presentation among Asian Indians World Journal of Gastroenterology, 12 (21). pp. 3400-3405. ISSN 1007-9327

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL:


Aim: To evaluate the clinical and biochemical profile of patients with non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to assess their histological severity at presentation. Methods: Consecutive patients presenting to the liver clinic of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) with raised transaminases to at least 1.5 times upper limit of normal, and histologically confi rmed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease were included. Patients who had significant alcohol intake or positive markers of other liver diseases or who were taking drugs known to produce fatty liver were excluded. The clinical, biochemical and histological profi le of this group was studied. Results: Fifty-one patients with NAFLD formed the study population. Their median age and BMI were 34(17-58) years and 26.7(21.3-32.5) kg/m2 respectively and 46 (90.1%) were males. The majority of the patients had mild inflammation, either grade 1 [32 (63%)] or grade 2 [16 (31%)] and only 3 (6%) patients had severe (grade 3) infl ammation. Twenty-three (45%), 19 (37%), 8(16%) and 1(2%) patient had stage 0, 1, 2 and 3 fi brosis respectively on index biopsy and none had cirrhosis. On univariate analysis, triglyceride levels more than 150 mg % (OR = 7.1; 95% CI: 1.6-31.5, P = 0.002) and AST/ALT ratio > 1 (OR = 14.3; 95% CI: 1.4-678.5, P = 0.008) were associated with high grades of inflammation and none was associated with advanced fibrosis. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, hypertriglyceridemia >150 mg% was the only factor independently associated with presence of high grade of infl ammation (OR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.3-22.7, P = 0.02), while none was associated with advanced fi brosis. Triglyceride levels correlated positively with infl ammatory grade (r = 0.412; P = 0.003). Conclusion: NAFLD in North Indian patients is a disease of young over-weight males, most of whom are insulin resistant and they tend to have a mild histological disease at presentation.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to WJG Press.
Keywords:Inflammation; Fibrosis; Triglycerides; Non Alcoholic Steatohepatitis
ID Code:141
Deposited On:17 Sep 2010 07:55
Last Modified:16 May 2016 11:24

Repository Staff Only: item control page