Purification and chemical characterisation of the inhibitor of lipid peroxidation from intestinal mucosa

Diplock, A. T. ; Balasubramanian, K. A. ; Manohar, M. ; Mathan, V. I. ; Ashton, D. (1988) Purification and chemical characterisation of the inhibitor of lipid peroxidation from intestinal mucosa Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Lipids and Lipid Metabolism, 962 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 1874-9399

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/000527...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-2760(88)90093-8


The antioxidant previously isolated from intestinal mucosa has been subjected to further purification and identification. Although this inhibitor moved as a single spot on thin-layer chromatography in a number of different solvent systems, it proved to be a mixture of free carboxylic acids whose relative composition was similar in different batches. Detailed studies involving the use of high-pressure liquid chromatography, combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, high-field 360 MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry and other techniques established that the inhibitor was a mixture of carboxylic acids of the following identity and relative composition (the major components comprising 92% of the total fatty acids): palmitic acid, 14.8%; palmitoleic acid, 3.6%; stearic acid, 7.0%; oleic acid, 21.0%; linoleic acid, 27.6% arachidonic acid, 18.0%. Mixtures of authentic fatty acids of the same relative concentration showed inhibition of peroxidation, comparable with the purified inhibitor from intestinal mucosa. A study of the inhibitory activity of the components of the mixture using malonaldehyde estimation, diene conjugation and arachidonic acid estimation showed that the inhibitory activity was due to palmitoleic and oleic acids only, the latter being the major component.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Intestinal Mucosa; Lipid Peroxidation Inhibitor; Chemical Characterization; Purification; (Rat)
ID Code:1376
Deposited On:05 Oct 2010 12:40
Last Modified:14 May 2011 05:25

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