Changes in sleep-wakefulness after kainic acid lesion of the preoptic area in rats

John, Joshi ; Kumar, Velayudhan Mohan ; Gopinath, Gomathy ; Ramesh, Vijay ; Mallick, Hrudananda (1994) Changes in sleep-wakefulness after kainic acid lesion of the preoptic area in rats The Japanese Journal of Physiology, 44 (3). pp. 231-242. ISSN 0021-521X

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The role of the preoptic area (POA) neurons in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness (S-W) has been investigated in this study. The cell-specific neurotoxin, kainic acid (KA), was injected (0.8 microgram in 0.2 microliter) intracerebrally for lesioning of the POA. S-W was assessed (on the basis of EEG, EMG, and EOG recordings) for a day before bilateral lesion of the POA, and for 3 weeks after the lesion. There was an increase in wakefulness, and a decrease in all the stages of sleep after KA lesion of the POA. The reduction in deep slow wave sleep (S2) and REM sleep (PS) were more marked than light slow wave sleep (S1), and these had not shown any recovery even after 3 weeks of lesion. Two days after the lesion, the reduction in sleep was much more marked during the daytime than at night. There was an increase in locomotor activity, especially during the daytime, though it was only statistically significant on the 6th and the 10th day after the lesion. This study shows that the POA neurons are involved in the induction and maintenance of sleep. The lesion did not have a long lasting effect on the circadian distribution of sleep but the changes in locomotor activity seem to persist for a longer period.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The Physiological Society of Japan.
Keywords:Preoptic Area; Kainic Acid; Sleep; Wakefulness; Locomotor Activity
ID Code:13604
Deposited On:12 Nov 2010 15:16
Last Modified:16 May 2016 22:45

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