Meeting the challenges related to material issues in chemical industries

Baldev Raj, ; Kamachi Mudali, U. ; Jayakumar, T. ; Kasiviswanathan, K. V. ; Natarajan, R. (2000) Meeting the challenges related to material issues in chemical industries Sadhana (Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences), 25 (6). pp. 519-559. ISSN 0256-2499

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Reliable performance and profitability are two important requirements for any chemical industry. In order to achieve high level of reliability and excellent performance, several issues related to design, materials selection, fabrication, quality assurance, transport, storage, inputs from condition monitoring, failure analysis etc. have to be adequately addressed and implemented. Technology related to nondestructive testing and monitoring of the plant is also essential for precise identification of defect sites and to take appropriate remedial decision regarding repair, replacement or modification of process conditions. The interdisciplinary holistic approach enhances the life of critical engineering components in chemical plants. Further, understanding the failure modes of the components through the analysis of failed components throws light on the choice of appropriate preventive measures to be taken well in advance, to have a control over the overall health of the plant. The failure analysis also leads to better design modification and condition monitoring methodologies, for the next generation components and plants. At the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam, a unique combination of the expertise in design, materials selection, fabrication, NDT development, condition monitoring, life prediction and failure analysis exists to obtain desired results for achieving high levels of reliability and performance assessment of critical engineering components in chemical industries. Case studies related to design, materials selection and fabrication aspects of critical components in nuclear fuel reprocessing plants, NDT development and condition monitoring of various components of nuclear power plants, and important failure investigations on critical engineering components in chemical and allied industries are discussed in this paper. Future directions are identified and planned approaches are briefly described.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Reliability; Materials Development; Nondestructive Testing; Condition Monitoring; Failure Analysis
ID Code:1360
Deposited On:05 Oct 2010 12:42
Last Modified:16 May 2016 12:30

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