Kwashiorkor and mental development

Champakam, S. ; Srikantia, S. G. ; Gopalan, C. (1968) Kwashiorkor and mental development American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 21 (8). pp. 844-852. ISSN 0002-9165

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL:


Nineteen children successfully treated for kwashiorkor were followed up to see the effect of early malnutrition on growth and mental functions. These children were compared with appropriately matched controls selected from the same locality and the school from which the experimental children were derived. These controls were matched for age, sex, religion, caste, socioeconomic status, family size, birth order, and educational level of the parents and the subjects. Suitable intelligence tests and sensory development tests were constructed and these tests were applied to both the experimental and control groups of children. In addition to these tests, anthropometric measurements were also taken on all children. The salient features of the study are: a) There was a significant difference between the performance of the control and the experimental subjects with regard to the intelligence tests. This difference was particularly marked in the younger age group (8-9 years) and tended to diminish in the older age group (10-11 years). b) Intersensory organization was poorer in the experimental subjects than in the control subjects. The performance in the intersensory tests was markedly poorer in the younger age group and tended to improve in the older age group (10-11 years). c) The retardation was noticeable mainly with regard to perceptual and abstract abilities.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Clinical Nutrition.
ID Code:13472
Deposited On:12 Nov 2010 15:30
Last Modified:16 May 2016 22:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page